Resume

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Asst Prof TS DR MOHD HAFIZ ARZMI

E-mail: hafizarzmi@iium.edu.my

LinkedIn: https://au.linkedin.com/in/mohd-hafiz-arzmi-a819955a

ResearcherID: http://www.researcherid.com/rid/I-6921-2016

ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9470-6412 

Researchgate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mohd_Arzmi

ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS

  1. Doctor of Philosophy (Oral Microbiology and Immunology)
    Melbourne Dental School,  Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Period:  June 2012 – April 2016
    Thesis title: Characterisation of Candida albicans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Streptococcus mutans interaction and its role in promoting oral carcinogenesis
  2. Master of Dental Science (Oral Microbiology and Biochemistry)
    Department of Oral Biology and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Period: December 2008 – December 2010
    Thesis title:  The effect of phenotypic switching on the biological properties of Candida krusei
  3. Bachelor of Science (Microbiology) with honors
    Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Period: 2005 – 2008
    Final year project title: Screening and isolation of Actinomycetes for biological control of Ralstonia solanacearum
  4. Certificate in Safety and Health
    Melbourne Dental School,  Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Period:  May 2013 – May 2014
  5. Postgraduate Diploma in Islamic Studies
    Centre for Islamisation (CENTRIS), International Islamic University Malaysia
    Period: 2017 – 2018
  6. Foundation, College MARA of Kulim, Kedah
    Period: 2004 – 2005

WORKING EXPERIENCES

  1. Assistant Professor
    Department of Fundamental Dental and Medical Sciences, Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
    Period:  March 2017 – Current
  2. Head of Grant Management Unit
    Research Management Centre, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
    Period:  Jan 2018 – Current
  3. IT Coordinator
    Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
    Period:  Jan 2017 – Dec 2017
  4. Academic trainee
    Department of Basic Medical Science, Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
    Period:  May 2012 – November 2016
  5. Research Assistant
    Oral Health Cooperative Research Centre (OHCRC), The University of Melbourne, Australia
    Period:  2014 – 2016
  6. Research Assistant
    Department of Oral Biology and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Period:  June 2008 – December 2009
  7. Trainee
    Department of Pathology, Hospital of Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Period:  2007

RESEARCH EXPERIENCES

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Project Title: Characterisation of Candida albicans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Streptococcus mutans interaction and its role in promoting oral carcinogenesis

New skills obtained:

  • Culturing of Candida albicans, Actinomyces naeslundii, Streptococcus mutans and growth curve analysis
  • Optimisation of artificial saliva medium for polymicrobial biofilms development
  • Polymicrobial interaction in planktonic (co-aggreation) and biofilms
  • Biofilms development in static and flow environment
  • Confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM)
  • COMSTAT analysis
  • MATLAB
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy sample preparation
  • Tissue culture (normal epithelial cell, OKF6 and OSCC cell, H357)
  • Analysis of Epithelial-Mesenchymal-Transition (EMT) using flow cytometry
  • Analysis of OKF6 and H357 cells adhesion using cell ECM adhesion kit
  • Cell viability analysis using Trypan Blue and automated cell counter
  • Analysis of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, GM-CSF and IFN-γ) expression from biofilm effluent treated OKF6 and H357 using BioPlex

Master of Dental Science (MDSc.)
Project title:  The effect of phenotypic switching on the biological properties of Candida krusei

New skills obtained:

  • Culturing of Candida krusei and growth curve analysis
  • Phenotypic switching of Candida krusei
  • Flow cell biofilms assay of Candida krusei
  • Susceptibility assay on switched krusei towards chemical based antimicrobial agents (chlorhexidine, nystatin, amphotericin B) and plant based agents (Piper betle and Nigella sativa)
  • Adhesion assay of Candida krusei on acrylic denture plates
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy sample preparation

Research Assistant
Project Title:  Virulence determination of Candida species in the oral cavity

New skills obtained:

  • Culturing of Candida species on agar plates (YPD agar and Mueller-Hinton agar) and broth (YPD broth)
  • Calculation of CFUs
  • Isolation and purification of candidal colonies
  • Identification of candidal colonies using CHROMAgar, API 20C AUX, and BIOLOG YT MicroPlate

Undergraduate Research Project
Project Title:  Screening and isolation of Actinomycetes for biological control of Ralstonia solanacearum

New skills obtained:

  • Preparation of ISP 4 media
  • Isolation of Actinomycetes from mineral soil
  • Screening of Actinomycetes trough the colour and odor expression on ISP 4 agar
  • Susceptibility test between secondary metabolite product from Actinomycetes toward Ralstonia solanacearum
  • Test the ability of Actinomycetes to consume Mannan
  • Test of Actinomycetes to consume Cellulose

Trainee
Project Title:  Microbiology industrial training

New skills obtained:

  • Isolation and screening of microorganisms from patients
  • Identification of microorganisms using selective media and PCR
  • Training on cancer tissue collection

SUPERVISIONS

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Project title: The effect of candidalysin in polymicrobial interaction of Candida albicans, Streptococcus mutans and Actinomyces naeslundii
Student: Hasna Ahmad
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: On-going

Project title: Elucidation on the effect of probiotic Streptococcus salivarius K12 on Candida albicans candidalysin expression and its role in oral cancer inhibition.
Student: Munirah Mokhtar
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: On-going

Project title: Evaluation of Novel fish derived collagen/Chitosan Membrane Loaded with Metronidazole as a guided bone regeneration for Periodontal regeneration
Student: Nora Azirah Md Zayi
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: On-going

Masters

Project title: Elucidation of ALS3 gene function in polymicrobial interaction of Candida albicans and Actinomyces naeslundii
Student:
Engku Anis Fariha Engku Nasrullah Satiman
Institution:
International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status:
On-going

Project title: The effect of synbiotic Streptococcus salivarius and Musa acuminata extract mouthwash on candida albicans biofilms: in vitro and in vivo studies
Student: Aalina Sakiinah Mohd Fuad
Institution:
International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status:
On-going

Project title: Elucidating the microbiome of autistic children in Kuantan, Pahang
Student:
Syarifah Nurhikmah Izzati Syed Nasarudin
Institution:
International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status:
On-going

Project title: Characterisation of Deer Antler Velvet of Cervus timorensis and its effect on biofilm formation of Candida albicans
Student:
Puteri Elysa Alia binti Mohd Badri
Institution:
International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status:
On-going

Project title: TBA
Student:
Nurun Nadihah Norazam
Institution:
International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status:
On-going

Project title: The effect of polymicrobial interaction of Candida albicans to oral probiotics and its role carcinogenesis
Student: Nurul Alia Risma Rismayuddin
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project title: Comparative genome analysis between Actinomyces naeslundii with well-known oral probiotics bacteria
Principle supervisor: Assistant Professor Dr. Noratikah Othman
Student: Noor Afifah Hanin Mohamad
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: A systematic review on potential oral probiotics in inducing or reducing cancer
Principle supervisor: Assistant Professor Dr. Noratikah Othman
Student: Wan Nur Fatihah Binti Wan Mohd Kamaluddin
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: Influence of the addition of microencapsulated phytoncide to a denture base resin on mechanical properties and antimicrobial and antifungal activity.
Principle supervisor: Professor Stuart Dashper
Student:  Steve An
Institution: The University of Melbourne, AUSTRALIA
Status: Completed

Final year project (FYP)

Project Title: In vitro effect of Syzigium polyanthum on the susceptibility and biofilm forming ability of non-albicans Candida species
Students: Nadiah Atiqah Mohd Hashim and Nawwarah Amran
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: On-going

Project Title: The potential of probiotics as anti-fungal agents towards the virulency of oral candidiasis
Students: Nor Farizatul Amira
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: The most prevalent Candida species isolated among squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patient: Systematic Review
Students: Aini Rasidda bt Norazmi
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: Effect of media and incubation period on the polymicrobial interaction between lactobacillus rhamnosus with Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis
Student: Wan Nur Akma bt Wan Mazlan
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: Effects of polymicrobial interaction on Laboratory strains of Lactobacillus rhamnosus wih Candida albicans and Candida glabrata
Student: Fatin Najihah bt Abdul Aziz
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: A review: Implications of COVID-19 Pandemic on the ecological biodiversity of wildlife and the sustainability of nature using One Health approach in the aftermath of the pandemic in Malaysia
Student: Amir Irfan bin Ahmad Affendi
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: Medicinal properties of Rose spp: A review
Student: Khairunnisa bt Sultan Ghani
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: The effect of dental caries on the colonisation of Candida species: an in vitro study
Students: Harina Akila Binti Che Hussin and Nadiah Binti Arshad
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: Effect of Eurycoma longifolia alcoholic root extract against oral pathogens
Principle supervisor: Associate Professor Dr Ghasak Ghazi
Students: Irani Alloha and Nurul Ain Liyana Aziz
Institution: Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: Effect of Eurycoma longifolia extract on salivary Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus and Candida albicans isolated from high risk caries adult patients.
Principle supervisor: Associate Professor Dr Ghasak Ghazi
Students: Muhammad Iyad Ramzi and Muhammad Hazim Kosnin
Institution: Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: The effect of Candida albicans’ biofilm growth on 4 different composite resins
Principle supervisor: Assistant Professor Dr Mohd Haikal Muhammad Halil
Students: Raja Izzatun Nisa Raja Sahrul and Siti Nor Humaira Nor Azemi
Institution: Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

Project Title: The antifungal properties of chlorhexidine digluconate and cetylpyrinidinium chloride on oral Candida
Principal supervisor: Associate Professor Dr. Wan Himratul Aznita Wan Harun
Students: A. R. N. Fatheen and K. R. Suriani
Institution: Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, MALAYSIA
Status: Completed

AWARDS 

  • Silver award at Malaysian technology Expo (MTE) (2021)
  • Third place at Dental Student Scientific Conference (DSSC), Kulliyyah of Dentistry, IIUM (2021)
  • Silver award at Malaysian technology Expo (MTE) (2020)
  • Silver award at International Invention, Innovation and Technology Exhibition (ITEX) (2019)
  • Third place at Dental Student Scientific Conference (DSSC), Kulliyyah of Dentistry, IIUM (2019)
  • Joseph Lister award at International Association Dental Research (IADR) Malaysian section (2019)
  • Best Oral Presenter at International Conference of Oral Immunology and Oral Microbiology (2018)
  • Melbourne Dental School Travel Award (2014)
  • International Association Dental Research (IADR) Australia New Zealand Travel Award (2013)
  • Academic Trainee Scholarship Award (2012 – 2015)
  • National Science Fellowship (2008 – 2010)
  • Oral Health CRC Top-Up Scholarship (2013 – April 2016)
  • Oral Health CRC Travel Award (2015)

GRANTS (CUMULATIVE AMOUNT: RM 1,850,000.00)

Principal investigator

  • Prototype Research Grant Scheme (2020-2022)
  • Industrial Grant: NGS Sdn Bhd (2021-2022)
  • Industrial Grant: Acculab Sdn Bhd (2020-2021)
  • Industrial Grant: Sufihealing Enterprise (2019-2021)
  • Publication Research Initiative Grant Scheme (2019-2020)
  • Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (2018-2020)
  • Research Initiative Grant Scheme (2017 – 2019)
  • Oral Health Cooperative Research Centre (2013 – 2016)
  • Melbourne Dental School Research Grant (2013 – 2015)
  • University of Malaya Postgraduate Research Grant (2008 – 2010)

Co-investigator

  • IIUM-UiTM-UMP Collaborative Grant (2020-2022)
    • Principal investigator: Dr Nor Aszlitah Binti Burhanudin
  • IIUM-UiTM-UMP Collaborative Grant (2020-2022)
    • Principal investigator: Dr Nurul Ruziantee Binti Ibrahim
  • IIUM-UiTM-UMP Collaborative Grant (2020-2022)
    • Principal investigator: Dr Engku Nuraishah Huda E. Zainudin
  • IIUM-UiTM-UMP Collaborative Grant (2020-2022)
    • Principal investigator: Dr Susi Sukmasari
  • SASMEC Grant (2021-2023)
    • Principal investigator: Dr Siti Kamariah Che Mohamed
  • SASMEC Grant (2021-2023)
    • Principal investigator: Dr Ahmad Nabil Md Rosli
  • Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (2020-2022)
    • Principal investigator: Prof Dr Wan Himratul Aznita Wan Harun
  • Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (2019-2021)
    • Principal investigator: Dr. Saiful Izzuan Hussain
  • Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (2019-2021)
    • Principal investigator: Dr. Mohd Yusof Muhamad
  • Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (2019-2021)
    • Principal investigator: Dr. Norzaiti Mohd Kenali
  • Initiative Research Acculturation Grant Scheme (2019-2021)
    • Principal investigator: Dr. Noratikah Osman
  • Initiative Research Acculturation Grant Scheme (2019-2021)
    • Principal investigator: Dr Mohd Yusof Mohamad
  • Initiative Research Acculturation Grant Scheme (2019-2021)
    • Principal investigator: Dr Ahmad Fahmi Harun @ Ismail

MEMBERSHIPS

  • Malaysia Oral Microbiology Oral Immunology Society (Vice President) (2018 – 2022)
  • International Association of Dental Research (IADR) Malaysian section (Internal Auditor) (2020 – current)
  • International Association of Dental Research (IADR) Malaysian section (Executive member) (2016 – 2020)
  • International Association of Dental Research (IADR) General Section (2013 – current)
  • Society for Applied Microbiology (2018 – current)
  • The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology (2018 – current)
  • The Malaysian Society for Microbiology (2016 – current)
  • Oral Health Cooperative Research Centre, Australia (2012 – 2017)
  • International Association of Dental Research (IADR) Australian New Zealand Section (2013 – 2016)
  • The Australian Society for Microbiology (2013 – 2015)

PUBLICATIONS

  1. Arzmi MH, John A, Rismayuddin NAR, Kenali NM, Darnis DS (2021) LC-MS data set on the Malayan deer (Cervus timorensis) antler velvet and its antibiofilm properties against Candida species. Data in Brief, 35 (106769) pp. 1-8
  2. Arzmi MH (2021) Scientific research misconducts: an overview. IIUM Journal of Orofacial and Health Sciences, 2 (1) pp. 1-3
  3. Khan HBSG, Sarmin NIM , Arzmi MH, H Farhana (2020) Antifungal activities of Ziziphus mauritiana against Candida albicans: in vitro study. Compendium of Oral Science, 7 (1) pp. 1-12
  4. Arzmi MH, Razak FA, Wan Harun WHA, Wan Mohd Kamaluddin WNF, Rismayuddin NAR (2020) Effect of phenotypic switching on the susceptibility of Candida krusei towards amphotericin B, nystatin and Piper betle aqueous extract. IIUM Journal of Orofacial and Health Sciences, 1 (2) pp. 69-77
  5. Che Hussin HA, Arshad  NNA, Raja Sahrul Hishan RIN, Wan Mohd Kamaluddin WNF, Rismayuddin NAR, Mohd Halil MH, Ismail AF, Ali FM, Arzmi MH (2020) Isolation of Candida species in children and their biofilm-forming ability on nano-composite surfaces. International Journal of Orofacial and Health Sciences, 1 (1) pp. 40-52
  6. Kamaluddin WNFWM, Rismayuddin NAR, Ismail AF, Aidid EM, Othman N, Mohamad NAH, Arzmi MH (2020) Probiotic inhibits oral carcinogenesis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Oral Biology, 104855.
  7. Rismayuddin NA, Kamaluddin WN, Arzmi MH, Ismail AF, Aidid EM, Othman N (2020) The pathogenicity of Actinomyces naeslundii is associated with polymicrobial interactions: a systematic review. Scientific Dental Journal, 4 (3) pp. 73-78
  8. Engku Nasrullah Satiman EAF, Ahmad H, Ramzi AB, Abdul Wahab R, Kaderi MA, Wan Harun WHA, Dashper SG. McCullough MJ, Arzmi MH (2020) The role of Candida albicans candidalysin ECE1 gene in oral carcinogenesis. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine 49 (9), 835-841
  9. Arzmi MH, Dashper SG & McCullough MJ (2019) Polymicrobial interactions of Candida albicans and its role in carcinogenesis. J Oral Path Med (https://doi.org/10.1111/jop.12905)
  10. Arzmi MH & Shahdan IA (2018). MySOMOI: An interdisciplinary platform that promotes wholesome oral health. Annals Dent Uni Malaya 25: 32.
  11. Arzmi MH, Cirillo N, Lenzo JC, Catmull DV, O’Brien-Simpson N, Eric C. Reynolds EC, Dashper SG, McCullough MJ (2018) Mono-species and polymicrobial biofilms differentially regulate the phenotype of genotype-specific oral cancer cells. Carcin doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgy137.
  12. S An, RB Judge, RH Wong, MH Arzmi, JE Palamara & SG Dashper (2018) Incorporation of the microencapsulated antimicrobial agent phytoncide into denture base resin. Aust Dent J doi: 10.1111/adj.12640.
  13. Al-Ahmad BEM, Kashmoola, MA, Mustafa NS, Hassan H, Arzmi MH (2018). The relationship between tooth loss, body mass index, and hypertension in postmenopausal female. Eur J Dent 12:120-2.
  14. Arzmi MH, Dashper S, Cirillo N, O’Brien-Simpson N & McCullough M (2018). The effect of Candida albicans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Streptococcus mutans biofilm effluent on the expression of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 from normal and oral cancer cell lines. 1st International Conference of Oral Immunologist and Oral Microbiologist (ICOIOM). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  15. Arzmi MH, Dashper S, Cirillo N, O’Brien-Simpson N & McCullough M (2018). The Effect of Polymicrobial Interaction on the Adhesion of OKF6 and H357 cell lines. 17th Annual Scientific Meeting of Malaysian Section of IADR, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
  16. Arzmi MH (2017). Phenotypic switching: the virulence factor of Candida krusei. IIUM Press. ISBN No. 978-967-418-738-5
  17. Arzmi MH, Alnuaimi AD, Dashper S, Cirillo N, Reynolds EC & McCullough M (2016) Polymicrobial biofilm formation by Candida albicans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Streptococcus mutans is Candida albicans strain and medium dependent. Med Mycol
  18. Arzmi MH, Dashper S, Catmull D, Cirillo N, Reynolds EC & McCullough M (2015) Coaggregation of Candida albicans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Streptococcus mutans is Candida albicans strain dependent. FEMS Yeast Res 15.
  19. Arzmi MH, Dashper S, Reynolds EC & McCullough M (2015) Polymicrobial biofilms are Candida albicans strain and morphology dependent. 55th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Australian & New Zealand Division of the IADR, Dunedin, New Zealand.
  20. Arzmi MH, Alshwaimi E, Harun WW, Razak FA, Farina F, McCullough M & Cirillo N (2014) Gaining more insight into the determinants of Candida species pathogenicity in the oral cavity. Eur J Inflamm 12: 227-235.
  21. Arzmi MH, Dashper S, Reynolds EC & McCullough M (2014) Co-aggregation: Interaction between Candida albicans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Streptococcus mutans. 54th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Australian & New Zealand Division of the IADR, Brisbane, Australia.
  22. Arzmi MH, Dashper S, Reynolds EC & McCullough M (2013) Intregenic and intergenic coaggregation of Candida albicans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Streptococcus mutans. New Zealand Microbiology Society, University of Waikato, New Zealand.
  23. Arzmi MH, Abdul Razak F, Yusoff Musa M, Harun W & Aznita WH (2012) Effect of phenotypic switching on the biological properties and susceptibility to chlorhexidine in Candida krusei ATCC 14243. FEMS Yeast Res 12: 351-358.
  24. Arzmi MH, Razak FA, Himratul-Aznita WH (2010) The response of phenotypically switched Candida krusei to the extract of Piper betle. MOSTI, Kuala Lumpur.
  25. Arzmi MH, Razak, FA, Himratul-Aznita, WH (2009) The effect of phenotypic switching of Candida krusei on its susceptibility towards fluconazole and voriconazole. IADR, Wuhan, China.
  26. Arzmi MH, Razak FA, Himratul-Aznita WH (2009) Phenotypic switching pattern of Candida krusei in nitrogen limited growth environment. TICOB, Bangkok, Thailand.
  27. WH Himratul-Aznita, AR Fathilah, Anuar Z., RH Ahmad-Zahir, Arzmi MH (2008) Anti-adhesion effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) against Candida tropicalis to acrylic denture plates. Microbiology Conference, Kuantan, Malaysia.

REFERENCES

  • Professor Michael McCullough
    Melbourne Dental School, The University of Melbourne 3053, Victoria, AUSTRALIA
    mmccullough@unimelb.edu.au
  • Professor Stuart Dashper
    Oral Health CRC, Melbourne Dental School, The University of Melbourne 3053, Victoria, AUSTRALIA
    Email: stuartgd@unimelb.edu.au
  • Professor Dr. Fathilah Abdul Razak
    Department of Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, University of Malaya 50603, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
    Email: fathilah@um.edu.my
  • Professor Dr. Wan Himratul Aznita Wan Harun
    Department of Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, University of Malaya 50603, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
    Email: aznita@um.edu.my